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The history of KRUGOZOR -
a newspaper, leading the way in the dark totalitarian ages


The Krugozor by-monthly was published in Sofia, Bulgaria in 1985-1987. For 3 years it turned to be the only Bulgarian published dissident newspaper.

Published by the 114 English Language School komsomol organization (as one can imagine used as 'backup'), the Krugozor became famous for its strong support of changes in the political and economic life in Bulgaria.

Interviews with people like the writer of "War" (Voina) Ivan Stadnyuk, Mrs. Inna Saburova (former secretary of Khrushchev in Ukraine, wife of the legendary partizan army general Saburov), the Hungarian film director Marta Meszarosh, the vice-president or Bulgaria Georgi Djagarov, etc. made Krugozor the only newspaper during that era to be able to publish such materials. The Krugozor was the newspaper that would print articles which couldn't be printed even in the Literaturen Front (by that time the most strongest glasnost supporting official centrally published media) - e.g. an interview with Vladimir Zheleznikov. Even the former prime minister Filip Dimitrov has sent materials to be published in the Krugozor back in 1986!

The cartoons were the other newspaper tool to show the bad parts of the society. Place was given to local cartoonists like Julian Piperov, who would made fun of the so called 'school brigade', where high school students were sent to produce tomato juice or to repaint the school building.

With special correspondents in Moscow, Buenos Aires, and Leipzig, the Krugozor was publishing many interesting articles (in Bulgarian or English) about the history of the communist movement in Russia.

Mainly using sources like the Russian newspapers and magazines Moscow News (Moskovskie novosti), Ogonyok, Drujba narodov, etc. Krugozor made it through the dark ages of the Bulgarian perestroika, also known as "perestruwka", and in Afghanistan as "perestrelka"

Perhaps most interesting in the years after 2001 for the readers would be the f act, that the current leader of the Bulgarian Socialist Party Sergei Stanishev, was our correspondent in Moscow for the duration of these 3 years. Many of the articles were published thanks to his efforts, and thanks to his personal connections, incl. with Egor Yakovlevich - editor-in-chief of the "Moskovskie novosti" newspaper.

Copies of the newspapers are to be found in the West Berlin's Free University library in the dissident section of Bulgaria.


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